Confirmatory Tests

After examining you, your doctor may feel that certain tests need to be done. In particular, for early pregnancy you may be advised to do the following tests:

  • Serum beta - hCG: to confirm the pregnancy if urine testing is not conclusive, or help to decide the further treatment in case of complications, Such as presence of bleeding / spotting in early pregnancy
  • Sonography: This test is very useful for various Gynaecological conditions, especially pregnancy

Role of Sonography in Confirming Pregnancy

Abdominal sonography, scanning is done through a full bladder to see the uterus. Depending on the machine and operator’s experience, you can usually find

  • A small echodense ring ( gestational /pregnancy sac in which the foetus is suspended or enclosed ) by 6 weeks
  • See foetal echoes within the gestational sac by 8 weeks latest. Transvaginal (internal) sonography, The resolution is better and pregnancy can be picked up earlier, as early as 4 and half weeks.

Is it necessary in all cases ?

Abdominal sonography, scanning is done through a full bladder to see the uterus. Depending on the machine and operator’s experience, you can usually find

  • A small echodense ring ( gestational /pregnancy sac in which the foetus is suspended or enclosed ) by 6 weeks.
  • See foetal echoes within the gestational sac by 8 weeks latest. Transvaginal (internal) sonography, The resolution is better and pregnancy can be picked up earlier, as early as 4 and half weeks
Not necessary if
Your periods are fairly regular; you are not having any problem
You remember your LMP (Last Menstrual Period) date properly
May be necessary if
Your periods are irregular
You are not sure of your dates
Your doctor feels it is advisable
May be necessary if
You have any bleeding after missing a period
There is doubt about whether the pregnancy is growing well
There is suspicion of abnormal pregnancy especially ectopic or extra uterine pregnancy